Related Publications

REDD+ Safeguards in National Policy Discourse and Pilot Projects

Early adoption of national- and project-level social and environmental standards suggests that REDD+ policy makers, project personnel and investors value REDD+ safeguards.

To gain national-level buy-in for REDD+ safeguards, national sovereignty must be recognised and competing safeguard policies should be harmonised.
The REDD+ safeguards dialogue needs to move away from highlevel international discussions and towards action. This includes introducing guidelines, low-cost strategies and capacity building to support the interpretation, implementation, monitoring and reporting of safeguards.

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July, 2012. Matthew Cranford and Charlie Parker. Prepared for the REDD+ Partnership, Santa Marta, Colombia, 1 & 2 July 2012. 42 pages



There is growing recognition that we will not be able to achieve our ambition to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation unless we scale up finance across all phases of REDD+, and leverage both public and private sector finance. At the same time, there is a range of views on exactly how this might be achieved and much debate on the best pathway for private sector engagement. Clouding discussions further is an asymmetrical understanding of REDD+ finance between the private sector, civil society and policy makers, which has led to an often-unclear debate on this issue.

This background note aims to provide clarity by outlining and describing a range of financial tools that are commonly discussed in the context of REDD+. These tools are neither new nor innovative, and have been employed countless times for climate change, infrastructure, development and many other sectors. The potential application of these tools for REDD+, however, is often less well understood. This paper aims to foster a common understanding of the financial tools that could be used to facilitate investment in REDD+ and the financial terminology related to those tools.

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Country Assessments on REDD+ Capacity Building Services

In the past three years, tropical forested countries across the world have taken important institutional, policy, legal, and piloting steps to become ‘ready’ for REDD+. Capacity building is a key component of this REDD+ readiness process and is backed by a huge investment of time and money from a large number of organizations, government agencies, communities, and individuals. There has been a massive increase in capacity building during this short three year period, which begs the question:  Do the organizations providing such services have the competencies to fully meet countries’ REDD+ readiness needs?

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Weathering Uncertainty: Traditional Knowledge for Climate Change Assessment and Adaptation

Executive Summary

When considering climate change, indigenous peoples and marginalized populations warrant particular attention. Impacts on their territories and communities are anticipated to be both early and severe due to their location in vulnerable environments, including small islands, high-altitude zones, desert margins and the circumpolar Arctic. Indeed, climate change poses a direct threat to many indigenous societies due to their continuing reliance upon resource-based livelihoods. Heightened exposure to negative impacts, however, is not the only reason for specific attention and concern. As many indigenous societies are socially and culturally distinct from mainstream society, decisions, policies and actions undertaken by the majority, even if well-intended, may prove inadequate, ill-adapted, and even inappropriate. There is therefore a need to understand the specific vulnerabilities, concerns, adaptation capacities and longer-term aspirations of indigenous peoples and marginalized communities throughout the world. Indigenous and traditional knowledge contribute to this broader understanding.

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Analysing REDD+: Challenges and Choices


The book provides an analysis of actual REDD+ design and early implementation, based on a large research project – the Global Comparative Study on REDD+ (GCS), undertaken by CIFOR and partners. It takes stock of national, subnational and local REDD+ experiences, and identifies the political and practical challenges to designing and implementing effective, efficient and equitable REDD+ policies and projects.

Read more: Analysing REDD+: Challenges and Choices

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