The CCMIN was established by Asia Indigenous Peoples' Pact together with its partner organisations as a channel for information dissemination and exchange at the local, national and regional levels on climate change issues relating to indigenous peoples. Through this monitoring and information network, AIPP hopes to facilitate greater sharing and access to information, and to contribute to awareness-raising and drawing of attention to the particular issues of indigenous peoples and climate change. This partnership endeavor pays special attention to Reducing Emission from De-forestation and Degradation (REDD) and Climate Change Adaptatioin.
There are approximately 370 million indigenous peoples in the world. They own, occupy or use up to 22 percent of the global land area, which is home to 80 percent of the world’s biodiversity. Often overlooked by governments, their role in safeguarding territories from environmental degradation has largely gone unnoticed and undocumented until now.
Kuala Lumpur, 28 Nov (Hilary Chiew) – The 22nd Conference of the Parties (COP 22) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has agreed that the Subsidiary Body on Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) will undertake work on operationalising the platform for the exchange of experiences and sharing of best practices of local communities and indigenous peoples on mitigation and adaptation in relation to climate change.
A new report authored by the Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI), Woods Hole Research Center (WHRC), and World Resources Institute (WRI) shows that at least one quarter of the carbon stored aboveground in the world’s tropical forests is found in the collectively-managed territories of Indigenous Peoples and local communities. Because these communities often lack secure rights to their land, one tenth of the world’s carbon contained aboveground in tropical forests is in collectively managed forests that lack formal, legal recognition. Without secure land tenure and natural resource rights for Indigenous Peoples and local communities, these forests are at risk of illegal exploitation by more powerful interests, leading to the destruction of forests and the release of immense stores of aboveground carbon into the atmosphere.
Indigenous Peoples (IP) are a critical and inadequately considered population in the climate change crisis. On the one hand, IP represent a rich source of local environmental knowledge and adaptability that can significantly contribute to global solutions1. On the other hand, IP globally face systemic discrimination and exclusion from political and economic power. This is particularly pertinent at the United Nations international climate change negotiations (UNFCCC) where IP are largely marginalised and their voices dismissed. To address climate change fairly and effectively, the marginalisation of Indigenous Peoples needs to be addressed. We propose actions necessary to right the scales and respect human and Indigenous rights.
Addressing Indigenous Peoples’ Marginalisation at International Climate Negotiations: Adaptation and resilience at the margins
This paper presents observations and interviews from COP21 in Paris to present the case for a restructuring of the UNFCCC to improve participation of IP. We conclude with recommendations to improve the situation: 1) Promote IP to full member status at the UNFCCC; 2) Employ IP as experts in work-streams and decisions around adaptation and loss & damage; 3) Direct and restructure financial streams, including the Green Climate Fund, towards increasing the autonomy and voice of IP; and 4) Ensure respect for IP and their rights and livelihoods at all levels of the negotiations, and decisions and programmes arising therefrom.
Highlights for Tuesday, 8 November 2016
Joan Carling, Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP), said that some of the approved GCF projects pose serious threats to Indigenous Peoples, citing a dam project in Nepal. She said that while the GCF has adopted the IFC standards as interim safeguards, these were not considered in the Nepalese dam project. She stressed that there is a need to recognize Indigenous Peoples' rights and obtain their consent to the use of their land and resources, properly compensate them for such usage and include them in a benefit-sharing arrangement, should consent be provided.
Joan Carling, AIPP, said that if the Paris Agreement is to be effectively implemented, “we must go beyond business as usual and recognize Indigenous Peoples’ rights to ensure that their knowledge, culture and well-being continue.”
Kittisak Rattanakrajansgsri, AIPP, focused on the holistic land use and livelihoods system of Indigenous Peoples as a means to adapt to climate change. Using a case study from the Huay Hin Lad Nai community in Thailand, he addressed, among others: categories of land types and land use; rice cultivation practices; and mixed farming. He concluded that the way the community uses resources reflects their intricate knowledge of the different ecosystems within their territory.
Statement of the International Indigenous Peoples Forum on Climate Change during the Opening session of SBSTA-COP22
Marrakesh, Morocco November 7th 2016
Your Excellency’s, The Amazing people and State Parties.
We, The International Indigenous Peoples Forum on Climate Change (IIPFCC), would like to welcome the recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples in the Paris Agreement and Decision.
Statement of the IIPFCCC at the First Plenary meeting Subsidiary Body for Implementation Forty-fifth session (SBI 45)-COP22
7 November 2016
The International Indigenous Peoples Forum on Climate Change (IIPFCC) welcome the references on the respect of human rights, including the rights of Indigenous Peoples in the preamble of the Paris Agreement, as well as, the traditional knowledge of Indigenous Peoples under Article 7, Paragraph 5; and the establishment of a platform under Paragraph 135 in the decision.